Sleep apnea is a common and serious sleeping disorder that happens when your regular breathing is interrupted during sleep. Snoring is common among patients with sleep apnea, but not all people who snore have sleep apnea.
TYPES OF SLEEP APNEA
There are two main types of sleep apnea:
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea – The more common form, it is the result of blocked airflow during sleep, usually when the soft tissue at the back of the throat collapses while you sleep. Health factors, such as obesity, may contribute to this form of sleep apnea.
- Central Sleep Apnea – Results from a problem with how the brain signals the breathing muscles. The airway is not blocked; instead the brain fails to signal the muscles to breath. This type of sleep apnea can occur with conditions such as heart failure, brain tumors, brain infections, and stroke.
NOTICEABLE SYMPTONS OF SLEEP APNEA
- Loud snoring
- Breathing interruptions witnessed by others
- Sudden awakening due to short breath
- The patient awakens with a sore throat or dry throat
- Headaches in the morning
- Hypersomnia (excessive sleep through the day)
- Difficulty paying attention
- Irritable mood
ARE YOU AT RISK FOR SLEEP APNEA?
Sleep apnea can affect any one at any age, although men are more likely to develop the disorder. The risk is also greater for those:
- Over 40
- With large tonsils, large tongue or small jaw
- With a family history of sleep apnea
- With a nasal obstruction due to a deviated septum, allergies or sinus problems
HEALTH RISKS OF SLEEP APNEA
If left untreated, sleep apnea can result in a number of health problems including:
- High blood pressure
- Heart failure, irregular heartbeat and heart attack
- Worsening of ADHD
TREATMENTS FOR SLEEP APNEA
Sleep apnea can be treated. There are several options:
- Adjusting Sleeping Habits – This may mean simply not sleeping on your back.
- Continuous Positive Air Pressure (CPAP) – This is a device which improves breathing while you sleep. The device supplies air through the nasal passages and the air pressure keeps the airway open while sleeping.
- Oral Appliances – Certain oral devices can shift and support the jaw to prevent the airway from collapsing. Research shows that oral appliances can successfully prevent sleep apnea in some mild to moderate cases.
- Surgery – According to the American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine, upper airway surgery may be recommended when other treatment options are unsuccessful in eliminating the symptoms of sleep apnea. Depending on the location and nature of the airway obstruction, the procedure may be minimally invasive or more complex. It may be necessary to remove the tonsils or other parts of the soft palate or throat
If you think that you may have sleep apnea, it is important to be checked. The sooner you start treatment to ease the symptoms the better, since timely treatment may prevent future complications. Your first step is to call your primary care physician to schedule a consultation. Referrals are required for us to provide treatment at Broadway Dental Excellence.